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EU Report Highlights Concerns Over Bangladesh’s 2024 Elections

The recent parliamentary elections in Bangladesh, held on January 7, 2024, have ignited widespread controversy and garnered considerable scrutiny from international observers, notably the European Union (EU). The EU’s Election Expert Group has meticulously examined the electoral proceedings and subsequently published a detailed report elucidating its findings. The report articulates profound concerns regarding the fundamental democratic principles upheld during the election process. It sheds light on various aspects of the electoral conduct, highlighting critical deficiencies that have raised significant apprehensions about the integrity and fairness of the electoral process in Bangladesh. Specifically, the report delves into issues surrounding the restriction of civil and political rights essential for competitive elections, such as freedom of assembly, association, movement, and speech, particularly for opposition parties. Moreover, it underscores the lack of genuine competition and the polarization of the political environment, exacerbated by the boycott of the elections by key opposition parties. The report also raises alarms over electoral irregularities, including incidents of violence and fraud, casting doubts on the transparency and credibility of the electoral process. Overall, the EU report underscores the pressing need for comprehensive reforms to uphold democratic principles and restore public trust in Bangladesh’s electoral system.

  1. Democratic Deficiencies Highlighted:

The EU report’s assessment of the parliamentary elections in Bangladesh underscores critical deficiencies in upholding democratic standards. According to the findings, the electoral process fell short of meeting essential criteria for democratic governance. The report illuminates concerning restrictions imposed on civil and political rights, which are indispensable for fostering competitive and inclusive elections. Notably, freedoms such as assembly, association, movement, and speech were substantially curtailed, particularly for opposition factions. The pre-election environment was marred by widespread arrests and legal actions targeting opposition figures, severely impeding their capacity to engage meaningfully in the electoral process. Such infringements not only undermine the foundational principles of democracy but also raise serious questions about the fairness and legitimacy of the electoral outcomes. It is imperative for Bangladesh to address these systemic shortcomings and uphold the fundamental tenets of democracy to ensure transparent and inclusive elections in the future.

  1. Lack of Genuine Competition:

   The absence of genuine competition in Bangladesh’s electoral process, as emphasized in the EU report, highlights a concerning trend that undermines the democratic principles of fairness and inclusivity. The decision by prominent opposition parties, including the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) and its allies, to boycott the elections underscores deep-seated grievances regarding the impartiality and transparency of the electoral framework. Their demand for the resignation of the government and the establishment of a caretaker government to supervise the electoral process reflects widespread concerns about political bias and manipulation. However, the rejection of these demands by the ruling authorities has only served to exacerbate tensions and deepen political polarization, further eroding public trust in the integrity of the electoral system. Consequently, the lack of genuine competition not only diminishes the legitimacy of the electoral outcomes but also undermines the foundational principles of democracy, necessitating urgent reforms to restore confidence and foster a more inclusive political environment in Bangladesh.

  1. Concerns Over Electoral Irregularities:

   The EU report on Bangladesh’s parliamentary elections highlights grave concerns regarding electoral irregularities, casting doubt on the integrity of the electoral process. Despite apparent orderliness during polling, the report unveils numerous instances of irregularities and violence on election day. Candidates voiced apprehensions about ballot box stuffing and fraudulent activities, prompting the suspension of polling operations in several stations. However, the report underscores a glaring deficiency in the subsequent investigation of these incidents, raising serious doubts about the transparency and fairness of the electoral proceedings. The failure to address these irregularities not only compromises the credibility of the electoral outcomes but also undermines public trust in the democratic institutions responsible for ensuring free and fair elections. Addressing these concerns and implementing robust mechanisms for investigating and rectifying electoral malpractices are imperative steps toward upholding the principles of democracy and restoring confidence in Bangladesh’s electoral system.

  1. Wide Disparities in Voter Turnout:

   The EU report on Bangladesh’s parliamentary elections sheds light on a significant issue: the wide disparities in voter turnout observed across the nation. With the final voter turnout reported at 41.8 percent by the Election Commission, the stark variation in participation rates underscores a troubling trend of voter apathy and disillusionment with the electoral process. Such disparities not only signal a disconnect between citizens and their democratic institutions but also highlight systemic deficiencies that hinder meaningful civic engagement. To address this challenge, comprehensive reforms are urgently needed to reinvigorate democratic participation and rebuild public trust in the electoral system. Initiatives aimed at enhancing voter education, promoting inclusive electoral practices, and fostering transparency in the electoral process can serve as crucial steps toward revitalizing democratic engagement and ensuring the legitimacy of future elections in Bangladesh.

  1. Recommendations for Improvement:

In light of the findings, the EU report provides valuable recommendations geared towards enhancing the democratic integrity of forthcoming elections in Bangladesh. Firstly, the report advocates for a thorough review of parliamentary-related laws and regulations to ensure alignment with international standards, thereby fostering an environment conducive to free and fair elections. Moreover, it emphasizes the importance of instituting merit-based and independent appointments to the Election Commissioner Board, thereby fortifying the institution’s autonomy and ability to serve the public interest impartially. Additionally, the report underscores the necessity of revisiting restrictive legislation such as the Cyber Security Act and the Foreign Grants Act to safeguard freedom of expression and facilitate the unhindered operation of civil society entities. By implementing these recommendations, Bangladesh can take significant strides towards bolstering democratic principles, fostering greater transparency, and reinforcing public confidence in the electoral process.

  1. Enhanced Security Measures:

The EU report on Bangladesh’s electoral process emphasizes the critical importance of implementing enhanced security measures to safeguard the transparency and integrity of the voting and counting process. Among these measures, the report advocates for the suspension of political party activities in the vicinity of polling stations. By limiting such activities, the risk of undue influence and coercion of voters can be mitigated, thereby preserving the sanctity of the electoral process and ensuring that voters are able to freely exercise their democratic rights. This recommendation underscores the imperative of creating a neutral and secure environment that fosters confidence among voters and upholds the principles of fairness and impartiality in elections. Implementing these enhanced security measures represents a crucial step towards enhancing the credibility and legitimacy of Bangladesh’s electoral system.


In conclusion, the EU report on Bangladesh’s 2024 parliamentary elections portrays a concerning panorama of democratic deficits and electoral irregularities. The findings presented in the report highlight the pressing necessity for comprehensive reforms aimed at safeguarding democratic principles, fostering genuine political competition, and reinstating public confidence in the electoral process. The implementation of the report’s recommendations stands as a pivotal step towards fortifying democracy and upholding the rule of law in Bangladesh. By addressing the identified shortcomings and enacting meaningful reforms, Bangladesh can strive towards creating a more transparent, inclusive, and accountable electoral system that truly reflects the will of the people. It is imperative for all stakeholders, including the government, opposition parties, civil society, and international partners, to work collaboratively towards building a robust electoral framework that upholds democratic values and principles.

Billal Hossain
Billal Hossain
Billal Hossain, a seasoned professional with a Master's degree in Mathematics, has built a rich and varied career as a banker, economist, and anti-money laundering expert. His journey in the financial sector has seen him in leading roles, notably in AL-Rajhi Banking Inc. in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and as Foreign Relations and Correspondent Maintenance Officer of Bank-AL-Bilad. Beyond the confines of traditional finance, Billal has emerged as a prominent writer and commentator, contributing thought-provoking columns and theses to various newspapers and online portals. His expertise spans a wide range of important global issues, including the complexities of economics, political dynamics, the plight of migrant workers, remittances, reserves, and other interrelated aspects. Billal brings a unique analytical perspective to his writing, combining academic rigor with practical insights gained from his banking career. His articles not only demonstrate a deep understanding of complex issues but also provide readers with informed perspectives, bridging the gap between theory and real-world application. Billal Hossain's contributions stand as a testament to his commitment to unraveling the complexities of our interconnected world, providing valuable insights that contribute to a broader and more nuanced understanding of the global economic landscape.


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