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 Bangladesh Adds Chinese Yuan to RTGS System: A Strategic Move in Bilateral Trade Relations

Bangladesh Adds Chinese Yuan to RTGS System

In an important moment that signals the evolution of financial cooperation, the central bank of Bangladesh has taken a significant leap by announcing the inclusion of the Chinese yuan in its real-time gross settlement (RTGS) system. Scheduled to be implemented on February 4, the decision not only signals a technological improvement in Bangladesh’s financial infrastructure but also underscores the strategic importance of building economic ties between Bangladesh and China.

The roots of this important decision can be found in the significant growth of trade between Bangladesh and China. At the heart of this growing economic cooperation is China’s ambitious Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), a massive infrastructure project spanning multiple continents. Launched in 2013, the initiative aims to enhance connectivity and economic cooperation between participating countries. Bangladesh’s strong participation in the BRI has translated into substantial trade growth, cementing China’s position as the largest trading partner for Bangladesh.

The inclusion of the Chinese yuan in the RTGS system is not merely a procedural adjustment; It is proof of the deep economic ties between the two countries. The move reflects recognition of the economic symbiosis that has developed under the umbrella of the Belt and Road Initiative. As the world faces economic uncertainty and global challenges, this decision speaks to the resilience and adaptability of both Bangladesh and China in navigating the complex terrain of international trade.

The significance of this decision lies not only in its immediate impact on financial transactions but also in its potential to reshape the financial landscape for years to come. As Bangladesh is at the forefront of economic growth and development, integrating the Chinese yuan into its RTGS system aligns with the country’s broader vision for a more interconnected and efficient financial ecosystem.

Moreover, the timing of this move is crucial, coinciding with a period of heightened global economic dynamism. Against a backdrop of changing geopolitical landscape and evolving trade patterns, Bangladesh’s decision to include the yuan in its RTGS system strategically positions the country within the emerging contours of the international financial system.

In essence, the journey from bilateral trade agreements to monetary integration in the financial system indicates a maturing relationship between countries. The inclusion of Chinese Yuan in Bangladesh’s RTGS system is a tangible expression of mutual trust and confidence built up over years of economic cooperation. As the implementation date approaches, all eyes are on the unfolding narrative of strong economic ties between Bangladesh and China, underlining the transformative power of strategic financial decisions in shaping the future of global trade.

Belt and Road Initiative to increase energy trade:

Since its inception in 2013, the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) has emerged as a transformative force in shaping global economic mobility. Envisioned by China, the BRI aims to enhance economic cooperation and connectivity by developing infrastructure projects in participating countries. Bangladesh, a key participant in this ambitious initiative, has seen a significant increase in trade activities with China, marking a defining chapter in their economic relationship.

The impact of the BRI on the economic landscape of the participating countries cannot be overstated. By facilitating the development of critical infrastructure such as roads, railways, ports and energy projects, the initiative has paved the way for increased trade opportunities and smooth connectivity. In the case of Bangladesh, these infrastructural developments have catalyzed increased trade with China, making it the largest trading partner for the South Asian country.

The inclusion of Chinese Yuan in Bangladesh’s Real-Time Gross Settlement (RTGS) system is a direct result of this developing economic cooperation. As the volume of trade between Bangladesh and China has increased, the need for more efficient and streamlined financial transactions has increased. The decision to include the yuan in the RTGS system is, therefore, a strategic response to the growing demand for this expanding economic relationship.

The move reflects both countries’ commitment to deepen economic cooperation. By integrating the Chinese yuan into the RTGS system, Bangladesh not only embraces the reality of dealing in the currency of its largest trading partner but also signals a mutual determination to overcome financial barriers and build a more interconnected economic ecosystem.

The strategic importance of this decision extends beyond the immediate benefits of streamlined transactions. It symbolizes a shared vision for the future, where economic ties are strengthened and trade barriers are systematically dismantled. The inclusion of the yuan in the RTGS system aligns with the broader objectives of the Belt and Road Initiative – to create a network of interconnected economies that can leverage each other’s strengths for mutual growth.

In essence, the Belt and Road Initiative has served as a catalyst for reshaping the economic landscape of Bangladesh and China. The rise of trade, fueled by cooperative infrastructure projects, not only prompted the inclusion of the yuan in the RTGS system but also set the stage for a new era of economic cooperation. As both countries continue to navigate the complexities of global trade, the BRI stands as a testament to the transformative power of visionary initiatives that transcend borders and build a more interconnected world.

Yuan stability amid economic turmoil:

A compelling factor influencing Bangladesh’s decision to include the Chinese yuan in the Real-Time Gross Settlement (RTGS) system is the unwavering stability and resilience demonstrated by the yuan, especially during periods of economic turbulence. This steady performance against the odds has been a key consideration for Bangladesh’s monetary authorities, reinforcing their confidence in the yuan as a reliable currency to facilitate financial transactions.

The People’s Daily, the official newspaper of the Chinese Central Communist Party, has been a vocal proponent of the yuan’s remarkable stability during the economic crisis. Notable examples include the Asian financial crisis of 1997 and the global financial crisis of 2008, where the yuan weathered the storm with a level of resilience that attracted international attention.

During the Asian financial crisis of 1997, characterized by massive currency devaluations and economic slowdowns across the region, the yuan maintained its stability, providing a safe haven amid volatility. Similarly, following the 2008 global financial crisis, which shook financial markets worldwide, the yuan has demonstrated remarkable resilience, further cementing its reputation as a stable and reliable currency.

This proven track record has played an important role in shaping the perception of the Chinese yuan as a safe and reliable choice, especially for countries seeking stability in their financial transactions. Bangladesh’s decision to include the yuan in its RTGS system is, therefore, a strategic move aimed at leveraging the stability demonstrated by the currency in challenging economic conditions.

The inclusion of yuan in the RTGS system not only streamlines financial transactions but also serves as a risk mitigation strategy for Bangladesh. In an era characterized by economic uncertainty, having a currency with a demonstrated history of stability provides an additional layer of security for cross-border trade and financial operations.

As Bangladesh positions itself within the global economic landscape, the decision to incorporate the yuan into its financial infrastructure is not only a pragmatic choice but also a testament to the Chinese currency’s stability. The yuan’s ability to navigate and withstand economic challenges positions it as an attractive and reliable option for countries looking to strengthen their financial systems in an ever-changing global economic environment.

China’s growing centrality in international trade:

In the ever-changing landscape of the global economy, China has emerged as a powerful player, asserting itself as a true global economic power. The inclusion of the Chinese Yuan in Bangladesh’s Real-Time Gross Settlement (RTGS) system stands as a significant testament to China’s growing influence on the international economic stage. This strategic move by Bangladesh seamlessly aligns with the increasing dynamics of international trade, demonstrating the growing integration of China’s currency into the global financial system.

China’s ascent as a major player in international trade and investment is a defining feature of the 21st century. The country’s sustained economic growth supported by strong industrialization, technological advancements and strategic trade policies has propelled it to the forefront of the global economic arena. As China’s economic power continues to grow, so does its impact on international trade dynamics.

The inclusion of Chinese yuan in Bangladesh’s RTGS system is, in essence, a recognition of China’s growing centrality in the global economic scenario. The move signals a strategic alignment with a currency that is not only a symbol of China’s economic power but also an increasingly preferred choice for international transactions.

China’s active role in promoting the internationalization of the yuan has been evident through initiatives such as the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and the establishment of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB). These efforts sought to create a favorable environment for the use of the yuan in cross-border trade and financing. As a result there has been a slow but significant increase in global use of the yuan, with an expanding network of countries adopting it for bilateral and multilateral trade settlements.

For Bangladesh, adopting the Chinese yuan in its RTGS system is a pragmatic response to the changing dynamics of global trade. With China consolidating its position as Bangladesh’s largest trading partner, it has become imperative for the South Asian country to adapt its financial infrastructure to facilitate smooth transactions in its major economic partner’s preferred currency.

Moreover, the move reflects a broader trend in which countries around the world are recognizing the importance of the yuan in their foreign exchange reserves. The yuan’s inclusion in major global financial indices and its designation as a reserve currency by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) further cemented its position in the international monetary system.

In conclusion, Bangladesh’s decision to include the Chinese yuan in its RTGS system is not merely a monetary adjustment; This is a strategic response to China’s growing centrality in international trade. As China continues to shape the global economic system, the integration of the Yuan into Bangladesh’s financial system is a visionary step that positions both countries for a more seamless and mutually beneficial future in the evolving landscape of international trade and finance. Diversification of currency reserves:

In a strategic move to diversify its currency reserves, Bangladesh had earlier expressed its willingness to settle its dues with Russia in Chinese yuan instead of US dollars. The decision, taken in April of the previous year, laid the foundation for the central bank’s next move to include the yuan in the RTGS system. By maintaining correspondent accounts in yuan, Bangladeshi banks can now facilitate cross-border trade more efficiently, reducing reliance on traditional currencies.


The inclusion of Chinese yuan in Bangladesh’s Real-Time Gross Settlement (RTGS) system marks an important and pioneering step in deepening economic cooperation between the two countries. This strategic move, which is set to take effect from February 4, goes beyond mere fiscal adjustment; It symbolizes the strengthening economic ties and mutual benefits that Bangladesh and China continue to enjoy in the growing landscape of international trade.

The decision to integrate the yuan into the RTGS system underscores the confidence that Bangladesh places in the stability of the Chinese currency. This move is not just a response to the immediate need to facilitate smoother and more efficient financial transactions; This reflects a long-term commitment to harness the economic potential of China, Bangladesh’s largest trading partner.

The influence of China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is evident in these strategic financial decisions. As the BRI continues to shape and redefine global trade dynamics, Bangladesh’s alignment with the initiative is evident in its decision to incorporate the yuan into its financial infrastructure. The Belt and Road Initiative, characterized by extensive infrastructure development projects, has not only encouraged trade growth but also created an environment in which

Amid a rapidly changing economic landscape, this move underscores the importance of adaptability. Economic cooperation between countries is dynamic, and the ability to adapt to emerging trends and opportunities is crucial to fostering sustainable growth. Bangladesh’s decision to include the yuan in its monetary system is a testament to its proactive stance in navigating the complexities of international trade.

The integration of the yuan into the RTGS system is a multi-faceted decision, representing both a real financial synergy and a symbolic gesture of trust and cooperation. It sends a strong message about the strength of economic ties between Bangladesh and China and the mutual benefits derived from their partnership.

As the implementation date approaches, the world will watch how this strategic financial decision unfolds. It is poised to contribute not only to the financial interaction between Bangladesh and China but also to a broader narrative of international trade dynamics. In an era where economic ties are central to global stability and prosperity, the inclusion of the yuan in the RTGS system stands as a beacon of cooperation, adaptation and shared economic aspirations between the two countries to navigate the complexities of the modern world.

Billal Hossain
Billal Hossain
Billal Hossain, a seasoned professional with a Master's degree in Mathematics, has built a rich and varied career as a banker, economist, and anti-money laundering expert. His journey in the financial sector has seen him in leading roles, notably in AL-Rajhi Banking Inc. in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and as Foreign Relations and Correspondent Maintenance Officer of Bank-AL-Bilad. Beyond the confines of traditional finance, Billal has emerged as a prominent writer and commentator, contributing thought-provoking columns and theses to various newspapers and online portals. His expertise spans a wide range of important global issues, including the complexities of economics, political dynamics, the plight of migrant workers, remittances, reserves, and other interrelated aspects. Billal brings a unique analytical perspective to his writing, combining academic rigor with practical insights gained from his banking career. His articles not only demonstrate a deep understanding of complex issues but also provide readers with informed perspectives, bridging the gap between theory and real-world application. Billal Hossain's contributions stand as a testament to his commitment to unraveling the complexities of our interconnected world, providing valuable insights that contribute to a broader and more nuanced understanding of the global economic landscape.


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