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The Price Hike of Onion and Potato Stayable, Public life is Affected and the Market is  Out of Control


Bangladesh is currently passing through a critical juncture characterized by political instability and economic distress. The challenges are further exacerbated by the unsustainable rise in commodity prices, especially as staples such as onions and potatoes rise in price. Citizens, already burdened by the rising cost of living, become increasingly anxious as the affordability of essential goods slips out of their reach. This article provides a comprehensive explanation of the multifaceted challenges faced by the people of Bangladesh. It explores the complexities between political uncertainty and a volatile market, highlights how these dynamics are driving staple food prices to record highs, thereby intensifying the hardships faced by a significant segment of the population, and the solutions we will discuss in this paper. I will try to find it.

The Plight of Onions and Potatoes:

A ground visit to Chaktai-Khatunganj Warehouse showed that the instability in the onion and potato market in Bangladesh goes beyond a mere economic challenge; This indicates a profound socio-economic impact on people’s lives. The market continues to defy regulation despite the government’s continued efforts to stabilize prices, leaving consumers in the lurch. Fresh cut onion prices are exorbitant, with local onions available at Rs 110-120 per kg and imported onions from India at Rs 170 per kg. At the same time, the price of potatoes has risen alarmingly, now retailing at Tk 70 to Tk 80 per kg.

This unabated rise in the price of essential food translates into real hardship for citizens who are already saddled with the burden of the ever-increasing cost of living. Rising prices not only strain household budgets but also make low-income families suffer for their daily living. The reaction to this market volatility spreads across different levels of society and widens the existing socio-economic inequality.

The root causes of this immediate market distress depend on many factors outside the market. These are often involved in issues of supply chain management, agricultural practices, and the global economic landscape. Bangladesh’s dependence on imported onions adds layer of complexity to the situation. As citizens bear the brunt of this economic uncertainty, there is a pressing need for the government to initiate sweeping reforms. Addressing this challenge requires a multi-pronged approach, incorporating strategic agricultural policies, international cooperation to stabilize imports, and stricter market regulations.

The plight of citizens in the face of these challenges becomes a poignant reflection of systemic problems that extend beyond markets. The government’s ability to respond and implement effective measures will play an important role in determining the trajectory of the country’s socio-economic well-being. The onion and potato plight is not just an economic anomaly, it is a social litmus test, highlighting the need for proactive, well-calibrated measures to ensure people’s welfare and create a more resilient and equitable economic landscape.

Consumer Frustration:

The rapid implementation of government-mandated price changes by traders not only failed to assuage citizens’ concerns but intensified their frustrations. When governments try to lower prices in these uncertain markets in policy and practice, the actual effect is often negligible. The elusive stability promised in the Awami League’s manifesto, especially in terms of essential commodities, is increasingly distant, leaving the common man disillusioned and apprehensive about the future. This depressing reality points to a growing trust deficit between the government and its constituents, as citizens find themselves at the mercy of syndicate traders exploiting market fluctuations to their advantage. The disconnect between official pronouncements and the everyday experience of consumers paints a stark picture of a system struggling to translate policy objectives into tangible relief for those grappling with the economic downturn. As consumer frustration mounts, the government needs action to bridge this divide, re-establishing confidence through decisive action that brings about substantive and lasting changes in the accessibility and affordability of essential products.

Market Regulation Challenges:

The daunting challenge of market regulation in Bangladesh’s current economic complexities is a major blow to the government. Annual onion production exceeds 3.4 million tonnes, but staggering wastage of 6-7 lakh tonnes due to various reasons is a hindrance, hampering the realization of a robust domestic net production. The annual demand for onion is 27-28 lakh tonnes, the commerce ministry said, pointing to a stark imbalance between supply and demand, a fundamental problem that exacerbates the ongoing crisis. This chasm of supply and demand dynamics not only fuels the unbridled rise in prices but also provides a fertile ground for unscrupulous traders to exploit market weaknesses. Disparities in production, demand, and consumption create an environment where market forces, rather than fair competition, dictate the course of commodity prices, contributing significantly to the problems faced by consumers. Addressing these market regulation challenges requires a holistic approach, which includes agricultural reforms, effective supply chain management, and strategic policies that align production with the real needs of the population.

Consumers Struggle Amidst Inflation:

The cumulative inflation rate reached a staggering 9.5 percent in August last year, which has had a severe impact on the economic landscape of Bangladesh. The situation further deteriorated over the next six months, becoming a breeding ground for opportunistic activities by unscrupulous traders. These traders capitalize on the rising prices of various commodities and conveniently blame it on the alleged lack of effective market monitoring. As a result, daily commodities experience abnormal price increases, with syndicates exercising a disproportionate degree of control over market dynamics.

The real victims of this unethical practice are low-income families who find themselves at the forefront of economic decline. Forced to contend with rising prices of essential goods, these families are forced to make painful sacrifices by cutting back on essentials to navigate the financial pressures. The impact is reflected in every aspect of their lives, from compromised nutrition to limited access to education and healthcare. In sum, inflation-driven consumer struggles not only underscore the urgent need for strict market regulation and monitoring but also illuminate the deep socioeconomic inequalities that persist and deepen amid such economic turmoil. As inflationary pressures persist, the government must implement decisive measures to build a more equitable and sustainable economic environment to ease the burden on the most vulnerable sections of society.

The Price Hike of Onion and Potato

Government initiatives and market stability:

In the face of multifaceted challenges, including the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and rising unemployment, the government of Bangladesh has taken commendable steps to restore stability to the market. Recognizing the reality of the situation, the commerce ministry has issued a stern warning against creating artificial crises through syndication. Syndication is a technique often used by unscrupulous traders to manipulate market dynamics. Government officials are actively involved with businesses at various levels to support them in doing this.

However, despite these initiatives the effectiveness of the measures remains under scrutiny, primarily as evidenced by the continued wild fluctuations in commodity prices. The gap between policy intent and practical impact is indicative of the complex challenges inherent in market regulation. While the government’s efforts are noteworthy, a more comprehensive and agile approach is needed to address the root causes of market volatility. Balancing policy implementation and real-world outcomes is critical to instilling public confidence and ensuring the sustainability of market stabilization systems. As governments navigate these challenges, the imperative is not only to formulate policies but to do so with a level of adaptability that can respond effectively to evolving market dynamics.

Government failure and market irregularities:

The people of Bangladesh have insisted on market anarchy, saying that the government’s failure to effectively regulate the market has led to an uncontrolled rise in commodity prices. Unbridled growth is forcing consumers to live with the adverse consequences of unbridled market forces. Critics argue that the government’s inability to rein in this metaphorical “wild horse” of market dynamics exacerbates the challenges citizens face.

In this context, it becomes imperative to emphasize the need for meticulous implementation of the government’s plans, especially in terms of market monitoring and regulatory mechanisms. The current crisis underscores the urgency for the government to reassess and reframe its strategies by adopting a proactive and agile stance to effectively navigate the complexities of market dynamics. By doing so, the government can restore not only market order but also public confidence, ensuring that regulatory measures are not mere symbols of paper but effective tools to mitigate the economic challenges of its citizens.

Socio-economic decline:

The socio-economic decline resulting from the complex interplay of political and economic challenges in Bangladesh is undoubtedly profound. Rising prices of essential commodities, especially staples like onions and potatoes, are pushing a significant section of the population, especially those with limited incomes, into a precarious state of economic vulnerability. The daily struggles of low-income families who find themselves on the front lines of this crisis paint a grim picture of the profound impact of unregulated markets and political instability on ordinary people.

As prices rise beyond the reach of the common citizen, necessities become increasingly unaffordable. Cost burdens not only strain household budgets but also force families to make painful choices about which essential items to prioritize. Nutritional compromises, limited access to health care, and compromised educational opportunities become all too real for those caught up in economic hardship. The socio-economic fabric of the nation is transforming, inequality is widening and the most vulnerable sections of society are bearing the brunt of the crisis.

In this socio-economic context, the imperative of effective governance and market regulation becomes more pronounced. A government’s ability to meet these challenges is directly related to its ability to protect the well-being of its citizens, especially those on the fringes of economic stability. The current situation calls for massive and immediate action to mitigate the socio-economic collapse, providing a lifeline to those who find themselves at the mercy of unregulated markets and political quagmire.

Main causes of market volatility:

To comprehensively understand the current situation, it is crucial to explore the root causes of market volatility. A primary reason is the gap between supply and demand, especially in the case of onions. Bangladesh produces more than 3.4 million tonnes of onion annually but 6-7 lakh tonnes of wastage due to various reasons significantly affects domestic net production. This imbalance allows unscrupulous traders to manipulate prices thereby exploiting consumers.

Government measures and their effectiveness:

Recognizing the severity of the situation, the government has taken various steps to stabilize the market. However, the effectiveness of these measures is questionable. The rapid implementation of government-mandated price changes indicates a lack of oversight and regulation. Additionally, unbridled market volatility continues despite warnings.

Impact of Inflation on Daily Life:

Inflation, which has reached an alarming 9.5 percent in the past year, has cast a heavy shadow over the daily lives of Bangladeshi citizens. The impact of this inflationary increase extends beyond the direct effect on commodity prices that flow into every aspect of life. The economic downturn caused by the COVID-19 pandemic has intensified the burden on families, forcing families to cope with an unprecedented challenge in maintaining their standard of living.

An immediate consequence of this inflationary pressure is pressure on household budgets, as prices of daily necessities, including staples like onions and potatoes, skyrocket. Affordability of nutritious food, healthcare, and education becomes increasingly unaffordable, forcing families to make difficult choices about prioritizing basic needs. Low- and fixed-income households already reeling from the economic fallout of the pandemic find themselves particularly vulnerable as their financial resilience erodes under the weight of inflation.

Moreover, as the broader socioeconomic landscape bears these inflationary pressures, inequality widens and economic inequality deepens. As citizens navigate the complexities of daily life in a rhythm of increasing value, the impact reverberates not only in the material realm but also in the quality of life, aspirations, and overall well-being of the people. Effectively mitigating the effects of inflation requires a multi-pronged approach that not only addresses immediate economic challenges but also creates an enabling environment for sustained economic growth and stability.

Market monitoring and its drawbacks:

The main aspect of market monitoring, which is so important for maintaining the economic stability of Bangladesh, seems to be stagnating and falling short of expectations. The apparent lack of effective monitoring mechanisms has created an environment where syndicates and unscrupulous traders can change prices with impunity, avoid consequences, and exploit market weaknesses. This deficiency not only undermines the credibility of government intervention but also perpetuates a cycle of market irregularities that disproportionately affect ordinary citizens.

The need for pressure to strengthen the government’s monitoring mechanism becomes clear, as current deficits allow price-fixing by opportunistic traders rather than reflecting actual market dynamics. A strong and active monitoring system is essential to prevent malpractices, ensure fair competition, and uphold the principles of transparency and accountability in economic transactions. As the market continues to exhibit anarchy, the government’s commitment to strengthen its monitoring apparatus will be a decisive factor in restoring public confidence and instilling a sense of fairness and equity in market operations. Tackling these flaws is not just an economic imperative but a commitment to protect the interests of citizens and build a market environment that operates on the principles of fairness and integrity.

Recommendations for a sustainable solution:

Addressing the current political and economic challenges in Bangladesh requires a holistic approach. The following recommendations can serve as a roadmap for sustainable solutions:

  1. Improved Market Monitoring: Strengthening market monitoring mechanisms to ensure transparency and accountability.
  2. Promotion of Agricultural Efficiency: Investing in technology and agricultural practices to reduce wastage and increase production.
  3. International cooperation: Collaborating with international partners to reduce the impact of global supply chain disruptions.
  4. Public Awareness Campaign: To educate the public about market dynamics, inflation, and their rights as consumers.
  5. Policy Reforms: Implementing policy reforms that address the root causes of market instability and promote fair competition.


In conclusion, Bangladesh finds itself at a critical juncture characterized by political uncertainty and economic challenges that have a profound impact on its citizens. Rising prices of essential commodities, especially staples like onions and potatoes, have intensified the struggle of ordinary people, pushing many to the brink of economic vulnerability. The urgency for immediate and effective action to address the root causes of market volatility cannot be overstated.

A comprehensive and sustained effort is essential to navigate these challenging times. Governments should not just sit back and announce plans, but should carefully implement market regulations, strengthen monitoring mechanisms, and actively engage with international partners to address the global factors influencing the crisis. Bridging the gap between policy intentions and actual results is essential to restore public confidence and ensure a more stable and prosperous future for Bangladesh.

In these critical times, government resilience and adaptability, combined with proactive action, will determine the nation’s course. By prioritizing the welfare of its citizens, addressing socio-economic inequalities, and fostering a transparent and accountable market environment, Bangladesh can pave the way for a resilient recovery and a brighter future for its people. The way forward demands not only immediate action but a sustained commitment to building a more stable, just, and prosperous nation.

Billal Hossain
Billal Hossain
Billal Hossain, a seasoned professional with a Master's degree in Mathematics, has built a rich and varied career as a banker, economist, and anti-money laundering expert. His journey in the financial sector has seen him in leading roles, notably in AL-Rajhi Banking Inc. in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and as Foreign Relations and Correspondent Maintenance Officer of Bank-AL-Bilad. Beyond the confines of traditional finance, Billal has emerged as a prominent writer and commentator, contributing thought-provoking columns and theses to various newspapers and online portals. His expertise spans a wide range of important global issues, including the complexities of economics, political dynamics, the plight of migrant workers, remittances, reserves, and other interrelated aspects. Billal brings a unique analytical perspective to his writing, combining academic rigor with practical insights gained from his banking career. His articles not only demonstrate a deep understanding of complex issues but also provide readers with informed perspectives, bridging the gap between theory and real-world application. Billal Hossain's contributions stand as a testament to his commitment to unraveling the complexities of our interconnected world, providing valuable insights that contribute to a broader and more nuanced understanding of the global economic landscape.


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