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Urgent Measures Needed for Political Will and Confidence in Bank Protection to Safeguard Bangladesh’s Economic Future

Urgent Measures Needed for Political Will and Confidence in Bank Protection to Safeguard Bangladesh’s Economic Future

The turbulent state of Bangladesh’s banking sector has emerged as a significant threat to the country’s economic stability, characterized by widespread financial irregularities, embezzlement and an alarming rise in defaulted loans. Published by the Center for Policy Dialogue (CPD), the staggering losses of Rs 92,261 crore in the last 15 years indicate the severity of the crisis, which has posed a serious challenge to the country’s financial well-being. This article will serve as an exploration of the complex issues of erosion of political will and confidence in bank safety, dissecting the deeper implications for the economy. Urgent reforms are advocated as the nation falls into crisis with a weakened banking sector responding, stressing the imperative need for decisive action to restore confidence and implement sound policies in the face of this pressing financial crisis.

1.Increase in defaulted loans:

The rising trend of non-performing loans in the banking sector of Bangladesh, reaching Tk 156,400 crore in the financial year 2022-23, is a matter of serious concern. This significant rise has prompted economists to sound the alarm, claiming that the actual defaulted loans could exceed a staggering Rs 4 lakh crore when taking into account rescheduled loans, previous loans and loans pending before finance courts. The numerical scale of this crisis is not just a statistical concern; It is a real threat that extends beyond mere statistics, having long-term implications for the country’s financial stability.

This continued increase in defaulted loans, in addition to the depletion of critical financial resources, presents a serious challenge to an already fragile economy. The sheer scale of this burden has the potential to destabilize the broader economic landscape, affecting businesses, investors and the general public alike. Urgent attention and strategic intervention are essential to address the root causes of this crisis, whether they stem from systemic problems, policy flaws or individual flaws. Bangladesh’s financial stability depends on swift and decisive action to mitigate losses from rising defaulted loans and pave the way for a more resilient and secure banking sector.

2. Impact on Economy:

The widespread corruption and financial irregularities deeply embedded in Bangladesh’s banking sector have created a domino effect, pushing the entire economy into chaos. This systemic breakdown is clearly visible in key economic indicators, which are currently in a deplorable state, casting a foreboding shadow over the country’s economic landscape. The crisis has emerged as a multifaceted predicament, which has hampered transparent and concerted efforts to address the core issues at hand. This volatility has not only affected the financial sector but also reflected across various aspects of the economy.

Reactions to this banking sector malaise are reflected in sharp appreciation of the dollar exchange rate, adding an additional layer of stress by contributing to the depletion of foreign exchange reserves. At the same time, a deepening remittance crisis has emerged, causing frustration for businessmen, industrialists and the general public alike. This combination of challenges represents a significant threat to economic stability, emphasizing the urgent need for comprehensive action. Immediate and concerted efforts are essential to restore stability and foster sustainable economic growth. Addressing the root causes of corruption, implementing transparent policies and strengthening the regulatory framework should be prioritized to bring Bangladesh out of the multi-faceted economic challenges posed by the banking sector’s malaise.

3. Global  Standing  Of  Banking  Sector Of Bangladesh  :

The global standing of Bangladesh’s banking sector paints a worrisome picture, accentuated by a bleak capital adequacy ratio of 11.2 percent—significantly lower than regional peers such as India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. With India boasting a ratio of 16 percent, Pakistan 16.6 percent and Sri Lanka 15.3 percent, the significant gap indicates a worrying lack of financial soundness within Bangladesh’s banking sector. This disparity is further emphasized by international rankings, which rank 130th out of 141 countries for soundness of the banking system and 85th out of 136 countries for banking governance. This dismal position places Bangladesh far behind its South Asian peers, underlining systemic weaknesses that urgently demand attention and comprehensive reforms.

As the nation grapples with these challenges, addressing the global standing of its banking sector has become an imperative to restore investor confidence and credibility on the international financial stage. Comprehensive reforms are needed to strengthen the foundation of the banking sector, focusing on raising capital adequacy ratios, improving risk management practices and strengthening the governance framework. Proactive measures, including increased transparency and stricter regulatory oversight, are essential to elevate Bangladesh’s position in the international financial circle. By recognizing and proactively addressing these persistent global challenges, Bangladesh can lay the foundation for a more resilient and competitive banking sector, build confidence among both domestic and international investors, and contribute to the country’s overall economic resilience.

4. Downgrade credit rating and foreign investor confidence:

The credit ratings assigned to Bangladesh by the ‘big three’ rating agencies-Moody’s, S&P Global and Fitch Ratings have emerged as ominous indicators, raising red flags for the global economy. These agencies, tasked with assessing a country’s economic stability, have collectively sounded the alarm expressing serious concern about Bangladesh’s economic trajectory. The downgrade, a symbol of their reservation, dealt a serious blow to the confidence of foreign lenders and investors in the country’s economic landscape.

This collective loss of confidence in Bangladesh’s economic management, as signaled by influential rating agencies, adds to the challenges already faced by an economy plagued by various problems. Beyond the immediate financial impact, the low standards cast a shadow over the nation’s standing on the international stage. Declining trust and credibility among investors and financial institutions worldwide requires urgent and effective action to restore confidence. A concerted effort is needed to address the root causes of economic challenges, improve the regulatory framework, and adopt transparent policies that demonstrate the government’s commitment to stability and growth. Restoring confidence among international stakeholders is paramount for Bangladesh to regain its position in the global economic arena.

 5. Liquidity crisis and banking sector debt:

The unprecedented liquidity crunch that has gripped Bangladesh’s banking sector is pushing many financial institutions to desperate measures, resorting to borrowing money to mitigate mounting challenges. Simultaneously, a crisis of confidence among customers, fueled by concerns about bank safety, triggered a significant wave of fund withdrawals. These dual dynamics, characterized by increased lending and massive leverage, increase pressure on liquidity within the banking sector. The situation has worsened due to non-performing loans and defaults, collectively intensifying the challenges faced.

The consequences of this liquidity crisis are far-reaching, reduced lending capacity that hampers investment and business activity, casting a dark cloud over the overall economic landscape. State-owned banks find themselves in a particularly precarious position, requiring constant infusions of public funds to cover capital shortfalls. The liquidity crisis not only disrupts the normal functioning of the banking sector but also serves as a stark reminder of the urgent need for comprehensive reforms. These reforms are important not only to restore stability, but also to enhance security and revive confidence among both consumers and investors. Addressing the root causes of the liquidity crisis is paramount to building a resilient and transparent banking sector that can effectively support the broader economic recovery.

 6. Urgent Reforms and Political Will:

The imperative to save Bangladesh’s economy demands rapid and far-reaching reforms, with political will being the linchpin. Addressing the root causes of the banking crisis, particularly the undue influence of individual and group interests on policies, requires a strong commitment from governments. In this effort, decisive actions are paramount, requiring a departure from opaque practices that contribute to current challenges. At the core of these reforms is the adoption of transparent policies, ensuring that the mechanisms governing the banking sector are clear, accountable and free from undue influence.

The political will emerge as the driving force behind these transformative changes, paving the way for comprehensive reforms that will not only correct existing challenges but also lay the foundation for a more resilient and transparent banking sector. Restoring confidence in the financial system depends on the government’s commitment to economic stability and its ability to strengthen public confidence in the institutions that underpin the country’s economic infrastructure. The urgency of this situation calls for concerted efforts by governments, regulatory bodies and stakeholders to implement the necessary reforms. Through this collective commitment to change, Bangladesh can chart a path towards economic recovery and build a banking sector that is not only strong but also inspires trust and confidence.

7. Building confidence in bank security:

Rebuilding confidence in bank safety requires a concerted and multi-pronged effort, focused on curbing money laundering, increasing transparency and adopting stringent measures designed to hold wrongdoers accountable. The foundation of this recovery process lies in strengthening the regulatory framework that governs the banking sector, ensuring that they are strong and resilient enough to prevent misconduct. Strengthening oversight becomes crucial in this context, demanding careful monitoring and supervision to quickly identify and correct potential problems.

Addressing liquidity concerns is paramount to restoring confidence, requiring strategic action to stabilize and strengthen banks’ financial foundations. Comprehensive measures including effective risk management practices, prudent credit policies, and adequate capital are essential components of this effort. Through these initiatives, the banking sector can rebuild confidence among depositors and investors alike, instilling a sense of security in the financial system. The commitment to these measures signals a dedication to restructuring a banking sector that not only protects the interests of its stakeholders but also operates with transparency and accountability at its core. This concerted effort is critical to restoring confidence in the banking sector, contributing to the larger goal of revitalizing Bangladesh’s economic landscape.

8. Economic Challenges and Way Forward:

The prevailing economic challenges in Bangladesh require urgent and significant reforms to free the country from the web of odious debt and inject vitality into the economy. A multi-pronged approach is essential, with a focus on domestic revenue generation as the basis for fiscal sustainability. Achieving this goal mandates a strategic overhaul of revenue-generating processes, ensuring a more robust and diversified revenue base that can withstand external shocks. At the same time, there is a pressing need for efficient utilization of loan funds, calling for meticulous planning, allocation and monitoring to maximize their impact in accelerating economic development.

Effective management of inflation and currency fluctuations emerges as another important aspect of the way forward. A proactive strategy is essential to stabilize the economy and protect it from the vagaries of volatile external factors. This concerted effort not only serves as a remedy to overcome the existing economic challenges but also plays an important role in restoring investor confidence. As Bangladesh embarks on its path, an unwavering commitment to comprehensive reforms and prudent economic management has stood as the lynchpin to propel the nation towards sustainable growth and resilience. Taking these transformative steps will not only address immediate economic headwinds but also lay the foundation for a stronger and more adaptive economic framework for long-term stability and prosperity.


In conclusion, Bangladesh stands at a critical juncture that demands a coherent consolidation of political will and a rethinking of bank protection to avert an impending economic disaster. Immediate and decisive action is imperative, calling for comprehensive reforms that broaden systems of policy, transparency, and accountability. Restoring confidence in the banking sector is paramount to restoring stability, requiring a steadfast commitment from the government to prioritize the country’s economic well-being.

Cooperation and collaboration are essential as Bangladesh navigates these challenging times. The way forward is unequivocal—a concerted effort is needed to rebuild a strong financial system capable of supporting sustainable economic growth and development. Only through determination and collective effort can Bangladesh emerge from the current crisis, setting the stage for a resilient and prosperous future. The success of these efforts depends on transparency, accountability and a commitment to economic reforms that will not only address immediate challenges but also pave the way for a more resilient and prosperous economic landscape in the years to come.

Billal Hossain
Billal Hossain
Billal Hossain, a seasoned professional with a Master's degree in Mathematics, has built a rich and varied career as a banker, economist, and anti-money laundering expert. His journey in the financial sector has seen him in leading roles, notably in AL-Rajhi Banking Inc. in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and as Foreign Relations and Correspondent Maintenance Officer of Bank-AL-Bilad. Beyond the confines of traditional finance, Billal has emerged as a prominent writer and commentator, contributing thought-provoking columns and theses to various newspapers and online portals. His expertise spans a wide range of important global issues, including the complexities of economics, political dynamics, the plight of migrant workers, remittances, reserves, and other interrelated aspects. Billal brings a unique analytical perspective to his writing, combining academic rigor with practical insights gained from his banking career. His articles not only demonstrate a deep understanding of complex issues but also provide readers with informed perspectives, bridging the gap between theory and real-world application. Billal Hossain's contributions stand as a testament to his commitment to unraveling the complexities of our interconnected world, providing valuable insights that contribute to a broader and more nuanced understanding of the global economic landscape.


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