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Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina’s Visit to Delhi: Focus on Economy and Communication

Prime Minister of Bangladesh Sheikh Hasina and Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi

As Bangladesh and India gear up for a significant summit meeting in Delhi this Saturday, the spotlight is on the strategic direction of the bilateral relationship between these two neighboring nations. Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina of Bangladesh and Prime Minister Narendra Modi of India, both having recently consolidated their positions in their respective governments, will convene to discuss key issues including economic cooperation, connectivity, and energy. This article delves into the anticipated outcomes of this high-stakes meeting, which is poised to shape the future of Bangladesh-India relations.

 Economic Cooperation and Trade Relations

One of the primary focal points of the meeting will be economic cooperation. Trade between Bangladesh and India has seen substantial growth, now exceeding $1,400 billion. Despite this growth, the trade balance remains heavily skewed in favor of India. Bangladeshi exports face significant tariff and non-tariff barriers in the Indian market. The summit is expected to announce the initiation of talks for a Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA), which could pave the way for a more balanced trade relationship.

Furthermore, India has been providing financial assistance to Bangladesh under various loan agreements since 2010. However, the implementation of these agreements, amounting to approximately $7.5 billion, has been slow. Both countries have been working on a new framework to expedite the loan disbursement process, though it is unlikely that this framework will be signed during this visit. It may, however, be included in the joint declaration following the summit.

 Connectivity Initiatives

Connectivity between Bangladesh and India spans multiple dimensions, including road, rail, and sea, and has been a significant focus since 2010. These connectivity projects aim to enhance trade, facilitate the movement of people, and promote regional integration. Recent developments have also incorporated energy connectivity, with Bangladesh importing hydropower from Nepal via Indian territory, illustrating the dynamic and evolving nature of their bilateral relations. The upcoming Hasina-Modi meeting is expected to further enhance these connectivity projects, cementing the strategic partnership between the two countries.

One notable project set to be announced is the Bangladesh-India Friendship Bridge, linking Ramgarh in Khagrachari, Bangladesh, with Sabrum in Tripura, India. This bridge symbolizes the deepening ties and increased connectivity between the two nations, providing a vital link for trade and transportation. It is not just a physical structure but a testament to the enduring friendship and cooperative spirit between Bangladesh and India. The bridge will facilitate easier movement of goods and people, reduce transportation costs, and boost economic activities in the bordering regions. This initiative, along with other connectivity projects, underscores the commitment of both countries to enhance their infrastructural linkages, thereby promoting regional stability and prosperity.

Energy Cooperation

Energy cooperation stands as a pivotal theme in the discussions between Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina and Prime Minister Narendra Modi, reflecting the strategic importance both nations place on sustainable and mutually beneficial energy projects. The summit is anticipated to witness the renewal and signing of several key agreements in this sector, underscoring the commitment of both countries to enhance their energy partnership. Bangladesh’s growing interest in hydropower projects is particularly noteworthy, as it seeks to diversify its energy sources and boost its renewable energy capacity. India’s readiness to support these hydropower initiatives not only highlights the collaborative spirit between the two neighbors but also positions India as a crucial partner in Bangladesh’s energy transformation journey.

The cooperation in the energy sector extends beyond hydropower, encompassing broader initiatives aimed at ensuring energy security and fostering sustainable development. The bilateral agreements are expected to cover areas such as cross-border energy trade, energy infrastructure development, and technological exchange in renewable energy. This collaborative approach aligns with the broader goals of both countries to address climate change and promote green energy solutions. The partnership is also a testament to the enduring bond between Bangladesh and India, showcasing their ability to work together on critical issues that have far-reaching implications for regional stability and prosperity. As such, the outcomes of this summit could set a new benchmark for energy cooperation in South Asia, contributing to the economic growth and environmental sustainability of both nations.

 The Teesta Water Distribution Agreement

The Teesta water distribution agreement remains a significant yet unresolved issue between Bangladesh and India, often straining their otherwise robust bilateral relationship. The Teesta River, crucial for irrigation and agriculture in the northern regions of Bangladesh, has been at the center of protracted negotiations. Despite years of talks, a formal agreement on water sharing has yet to materialize, largely due to domestic political complexities and regional considerations within India. However, recent developments offer a glimmer of hope. India has expressed a renewed interest in conservation and development projects around the Teesta River, signaling a potential shift towards a more collaborative approach. This newfound interest could pave the way for innovative solutions that address both countries’ water needs while fostering greater cooperation.

Bangladesh’s response to India’s interest has been measured and cautious, reflecting its strategic balancing act in regional diplomacy. Several years ago, China proposed a massive development project for the Teesta, which garnered initial interest from Bangladesh. However, recognizing India’s concerns over Chinese influence in the region, Bangladesh has opted for a more subdued approach regarding the project. This cautious stance appears to be paying off, as India now seems more willing to engage constructively on the Teesta issue. The prospect of Indian financing and support for conservation projects around the Teesta could open new avenues for collaboration, ensuring that the river’s resources are managed sustainably and equitably. As the two nations prepare for the upcoming summit, the Teesta water distribution agreement will undoubtedly be a critical topic, with the potential to redefine their water-sharing dynamics and strengthen their partnership.

 Diplomatic Engagements and Protocols

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina’s itinerary in Delhi underscores the critical importance of diplomatic engagement in fortifying Bangladesh-India relations. Her visit will commence with a formal reception at Rashtrapati Bhavan, where she will be accorded an official welcome, including an armed salute and inspection of the guard of honor. This ceremonial reception sets a tone of respect and mutual recognition, highlighting the significance India places on its relationship with Bangladesh. Following this, Prime Minister Hasina will engage in a series of high-level meetings, starting with a private session with Prime Minister Narendra Modi at Hyderabad House. This private meeting is expected to be a cornerstone of the visit, providing a platform for candid discussions on key bilateral issues and strategic interests, ensuring that both leaders can align their visions for the future trajectory of their nations’ partnership.

In addition to her meeting with Prime Minister Modi, Prime Minister Hasina’s schedule includes engagements with other top Indian officials, reflecting the multifaceted and comprehensive nature of Bangladesh-India relations. She will hold discussions with India’s Vice President Jagdeep Dhankhar and President Draupadi Murmu, further emphasizing the depth of diplomatic ties between the two countries. These meetings are not just symbolic; they serve as crucial forums for addressing various bilateral issues, from economic cooperation and connectivity to cultural and people-to-people exchanges. The inclusion of multiple high-level interactions signifies a holistic approach to diplomacy, acknowledging that strengthening ties requires engagement across different branches of government. This extensive diplomatic itinerary underscores the mutual commitment to deepening and broadening the relationship between Bangladesh and India, ensuring it remains robust and dynamic in the face of regional and global challenges.


Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina’s visit to Delhi is poised to be a landmark event in the annals of Bangladesh-India relations. The summit, with its focus on strengthening economic ties, enhancing connectivity, and deepening energy cooperation, marks a critical juncture for both nations. The anticipated signing of multiple agreements and memorandums of understanding will not only formalize existing collaborations but also pave the way for future initiatives that promise mutual benefits. As both countries navigate the complexities of regional and global dynamics, this visit underscores their commitment to fostering a robust and dynamic partnership.

This summit represents more than just diplomatic formalities; it is a decisive step towards addressing longstanding issues and exploring new areas of cooperation. From the Teesta water distribution agreement to trade imbalances and energy projects, the discussions are expected to yield actionable outcomes that will enhance bilateral relations. Moreover, the extensive diplomatic engagements, including high-level meetings with key Indian leaders, reflect the multifaceted nature of the relationship, encompassing economic, strategic, and cultural dimensions. As Bangladesh and India look to the future, the outcomes of this summit will play a pivotal role in shaping their trajectory, ensuring that their partnership remains resilient, forward-looking, and mutually advantageous.

Billal Hossain
Billal Hossain
Billal Hossain, a seasoned professional with a Master's degree in Mathematics, has built a rich and varied career as a banker, economist, and anti-money laundering expert. His journey in the financial sector has seen him in leading roles, notably in AL-Rajhi Banking Inc. in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and as Foreign Relations and Correspondent Maintenance Officer of Bank-AL-Bilad. Beyond the confines of traditional finance, Billal has emerged as a prominent writer and commentator, contributing thought-provoking columns and theses to various newspapers and online portals. His expertise spans a wide range of important global issues, including the complexities of economics, political dynamics, the plight of migrant workers, remittances, reserves, and other interrelated aspects. Billal brings a unique analytical perspective to his writing, combining academic rigor with practical insights gained from his banking career. His articles not only demonstrate a deep understanding of complex issues but also provide readers with informed perspectives, bridging the gap between theory and real-world application. Billal Hossain's contributions stand as a testament to his commitment to unraveling the complexities of our interconnected world, providing valuable insights that contribute to a broader and more nuanced understanding of the global economic landscape.


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